Fujiko Nakaya (b. 1933 Sapporo, Japan) is best known for her fog sculptures, ephemeral and immersive installations that have been transforming public spaces and structures for nearly 50 years. Nakaya’s innovative use of fog as a sculptural medium emerged during her involvement with E.A.T. (Experiments in Art and Technology). This global initiative promoting collaboration between artists and engineers was a perfect fit for Nakaya, a painter with a preoccupation for natural phenomena and the daughter of Ukichiro Nakaya, a physicist known for his work in glaciology and low-temperature sciences. As Tokyo representative for the group, Nakaya produced the world’s first fog sculpture for Expo ’70 in Osaka, shrouding the roof of the Pepsi pavilion with simulated fog.

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Fujiko Nakaya In Front Of London Fog 03779 2017 Courtesy Of Tate Photography

INSTITUTIONS

Art Tower Mito, Mito, JP
Fujiko Nakaya at Art Tower Mito

Fujiko Nakaya at Art Tower Mito

27 October 2018 – 20 January 2019

Guggenheim Bilbao Museum, Bilbao, SP
Fog Sculpture #08025 (F.O.G.)

Fog Sculpture #08025 (F.O.G.)

18 November 2018

Tate Modern, London
London Fog #03779

London Fog #03779

3 April – 18 April 2017

BIOGRAPHY

The technology developed for Expo ’70, in collaboration with atmospheric physicist Thomas Mee, has formed as the basis of her subsequent works. These include permanent installations at the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, the San Francisco Exploratorium and Domaine de Chaumont-sur-Loire, France. She has also created temporary installations in diverse venues, from the Grand Palais, Paris (2013) to Philip Johnson’s Glass House, Connecticut (2014). In spring 2017, Nakaya’s London Fog took over the South Terrace of the Tate Modern. Created with her long-time collaborators, musician Ryuichi Sakamoto and lighting designer Shiro Takatani, the immersive sculpture was animated with light and soundscapes. In December 2017, Ginza Maison Hermès Le Forum in Tokyo presented an indoor work in Greenland, an exhibition devoted to Nakaya and her father.

Nakaya’s fog sculptures have often served as a platform for collaborations with creators from various disciplines, including choreographer Trisha Brown, pianist David Tudor and multimedia artist Bill Viola. She has also collaborated with Viola in her pioneering work to establish video art in Japan. The long-time friends opened Japan’s first video art gallery, Video Gallery SCAN, in 1980. The gallery supported new artists through bi-annual competitions and, in 1987, Nakaya organised the Japan International Video Television Festival at Spiral in Tokyo.

Her first citywide exhibition of fog sculptures for Boston’s Emerald Necklace Conservancy, a 1,100-acre chain of parks and parkways opened this year. With her new works, Nakaya continues her unique and intimate dialogue with nature, art and technology. Speaking of her work, the artist said, ‘I create a scene so that nature can express itself within. I am a sculptor of fog, but I do not attempt to shape it. The atmosphere is the mould, the wind—the burin.’

In 2008, Nakaya received the Special Achievement Prize at the Japan Media Arts Festival, and in 2017, she was made a Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters by the French government. This year she was the recipient of the Praemium Imperiale prize for sculpture, and to mark the occasion, the first large-scale retrospective of her work opens at Art Tower Mito, Japan on 27 October 2018. 

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CV

1933, Born in Sapporo, JP
Lives and works in Tokyo, JP


EDUCATION

B.A., Northwestern University, Evanston, US


AWARDS

2018
Praemium Imperiale, JP

2017
Commandeur, Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, FR

2008
Media Arts Festival, Special Achievement Prize -Contribution to Media Arts

2006
Descartes Science Communication Prize, nominee, EU Commission - Curation of a science and art exhibition Conversations with snow and ice 

2001
Minister of Communication Award -Artistic contribution to HDTV Programming

1993
Yoshida Isoya Special Award - Foggy Forest

1992
Minister of Construction Award - Foggy Forest

1990
Laser d'Or, Locarno Video Festival -Contribution of SCAN

1983 
Finalist, The First International Water Sculpture Competition - Fog Performance, Louisiana Dump

1976 
Australian Cultural Award - Fog Sculpture #94768, Earth Talk


SELECTED EXHIBITIONS

2018
Fog x FLO: Fujiko Nakaya on the Emerald Necklace (curated by Jen Mergel), citywide exhibition in Boston, US 
Primal Water, Bellagio Fine Art, Las Vegas, US
Cloud Installation #07240 Standing Cloud, Domaine de Chaumont-sur-Loire, FR
Pathfinder, Ekerbergparken, Oslo, NO (Permanent Installation)

2017
Greenland, Ginza Maison Hermès Le Forum, Tokyo, JP
a•form (performance in collaboration with musician Ryuichi Sakamoto, dancer Min Tanaka and lighting designer Shiro Takatani) Oslo National Museum, NO
ARoS Triennale: The Garden, ARoS Aarhus Art Museum, DK
Niagara Reverb #07150, Piazza Centre Pompidou, Paris, FR
London Fog Sculpture #03779, Tate Modern, London, UK

2015
Fog Bridge (curated by Anne-Marie Duguet), Pero’s Bridge, Bristol, UK
Fogscape #03238, St. Cuthbert Cathedral, Lumière Durham, UK

2014
Veil, the Glass House by Philip Johnson, New Canaan, US

2013
Fog Bridge #72494, Over the Water,  Exploratorium Pier 15, San Francisco, US (Permanent Installation)
Standing Cloud, Parc du Goualoup, Chaumont-sur-Loire, FR
Fog Square, Nuit Blanche, Place de le République, Paris, FR

2012
Parked Cloud, Living Chasm–Cockatoo Island, The 18th Biennale of Sydney, AU

2011
Fog Installation #47780 Fog over Asuka breathes with ancient life (collaboration with Shiro Takatani), Ishibutai Tumulus, Asuka-Village, Nara, JP
Fog Garden #07172 Moss Garden Nicey-sur-Aire, Le Vent des Forets, Nicey-sur-Aire, Lorraine, FR
Fog Sculpture, Stone.Fog (collaboration with Ojars Feldbergs), Pedvale Open Air Art Museum, Pedvale, LV
Fog Sculpture #11060 Cloud Parking in Linz, Offenes Kulturhaus, OK Centrum, Linz, AT

2010
Cloud Forest (collaboration with Shiro Takatani), Yamaguchi Center for Arts and Media, JP
Fog Sculpture #74208 MoonRain (collaboration with Robert Whitman), Berkeley Heights, New Jersey, US
Fog Performance, This Is How You Will Disappear (collaboration with Gisele Vienne) Festival d’Avignon, FR
Fog Garden #58367 Murasaki, Ryotei Murasaki, Japan Industry Pavillion, Shanghai World Expo, CN
Fog Installation #46692 Fog Promenade, Art with Mountain, Taipei, TW

2009
Talk to Fog, Taoyuan County Performing Arts Center, Taoyuan, TW 
Fog Performance #47590/II Tune-In (collaboration with Mariko Satomi and Kenichi Kanazawa), Miyagi Museum of Art, Sendai, JP
Fog Installation #47662 Ichigaya MU: Mercurial Unfolding (collaboration with Sota Ichikawa) Institut Franco-Japonais, Tokyo, JP
Fog Sculpture #08025,F.O.G., Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, ES (Permanent Installation)
Fog Installation #47662 Roppongi Mohri Garden Befogged, Roppongi Art Night, Mohri Garden, Tokyo, JP

2008
Tales of Ugetsu, Sankeien Garden, Yokohama Triennale, JP
Fog Sculpture #48687 "Noontide", Esplanade Bridge, Singapore Biennale, SG

2007
Fog Performance, Johann Johannsson’s World (collaboration with Johann Johannsson) Miraikan (National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation), Tokyo, JP

2006
Fog in Toronto #71624, Nuit Blanche, Toronto, CA

2005
Fog Chamber-RIGA #26422, Conversations with Snow and Ice, The Natural History Museum, Riga, LV
Fog Sculpture, Perrier Mist Café, Montoak Café, Omotesando, Tokyo, JP

2004
Fog Sculpture #28634, Technology for Living: Experiments in Art and Technology, Norköping Konstmuseum, SE
Fog Performance #47638, In Love with the Locus (collaboration with Min Tanaka), Dance Hakushu 2004, Yamanashi, JP

2003
Fog Promenade, Olas del Cielo (collaboration with Shiro Takatani), Forum Barcelona, ES
Fog Sculpture for the film Kikoyuruya (Director: Takeshi Yamada)
Fog Screen Installation Opal Loop/Cloud #47662, E.A.T. - The Story of Experiments in Art and Technology, NTT Inter Communication Center [ICC], Tokyo, JP

2002
Fog Screen Installation, Opal Loop/ Cloud Installation #72503 (collaboration with Trisha Brown), Addison Gallery, Andover, US; Houston, 2003; New York City, 2003; Seattle, 2004
Blur Building (collaboration with architects Diller Scofidio + Renfro), Swiss Expo 2002, Yverdon-les-Bains, CH

2001
Fog Sculpture , IRIS (collaboration with Shiro Takatani), Valencia Biennale, ES

1998
Fog Sculpture #08025, F.O.G., Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, ES (Permanent Collection)

1996
Cloud installation, Opal Loop, (collaboration width Trisha Brown Company, 25th Anniversary),
Brooklyn Academy of Music, New York City, US
Fog Fountain (with architects D + M Design Office), Obihiro South Park. Obihiro City, JP (Permanent Installation)
Fog Installation for Okazaki Museum (with Akira Kuryu), Okazaki City, JP
Fog Sculptures, Mist Circle and Hanchi, Mindscape Museum, Okazaki City, JP (Permanent Collection) 

1994
Greenland Glacial Moraine Garden (with Arata Isozaki) Museum of Snow and Ice, Kaga City, JP (Permanent Collection)
Fog Installation #47662 Aoyama FOG, Comme des Garçons, Aoyama Boutique, Tokyo, JP

1993
Spiral Fog, Shinshu Expo, Construction Art Pavilion, Matsumoto, JP
Fog Sculpture, Recycle Art Pavillion (collaboration with Jae Eun Choi), Tejong Expo, KR

1992
Foggy Forest (with Kitagawara + ILCD), Showa Kinen Park, Tachikawa, JP 
Fog Performance, PROSPECTA 92 ( with Shoei Yoh,) Toyama, JP
Misty Night Cherry Blossom Viewing, Showa Kinen Park, Tokyo, JP

1990
Four Wells, video installation, Tokyo Museum of Art, JP
Fog Garden, House of Yonesaku Kobayashi, Chigasaki, JP

1989
Fog Sculpture, Skyline  (collaboration width Alain Pelissier) Jardin de l'eau, Parc de la Villette, Paris, FR 

1988
Fog Cascade, Misho-ryu Flower Exhibition, Takashimaya, Osaka, JP

1987
Fog/Rain "Bamboo Breathes", Hiroshi Teshigawara Exhibition,Tokyo, JP

1986
Fog Sculpture, Fog Tree (collaboration with Shoichiro Tachiki), Setgaya Art Museum, Tokyo, JP
Fog Stage for Operetta " Frog Fantasy Fantasy" (Director : H.Terasaki, Music: M. Miki), Setagaya Art Museum, Tokyo, JP

1985
A Tale of Ojika River, Fukui International Video Festival, Fukui, JP
Fog Festival Kushiro, Kushiro, JP 
Louisiana Dump, 1st International Water Sculpture Competition, New Orleans, US

1983
Fog Sculpture # 94925 Foggy Wake in a Desert: An Ecosphere, Australian National Gallery, Canberra, AU (originally titled Earth Talk)
Meltee-vee, video installation at Museum of Modern Art, Toyoma, JP

1982
Fogfalls #47626, Showa Kinen Park, Tachikawa, JP
Fog Performance " Kata-No-Taiko", Inter-Design'82, Kanazawa, JP

1981
Flood, video screening at Miyagi Art Museum, Sendai, JP
Fog Sculpture #47590, Square Fog, Miyagi Art Museum, Sendai, JP
Opal Loop/Cloud #72503  (collaboration width Trisha Brown Dance Company), Brooklyn Academy of Music, Brooklyn, US

1980
Waterfall: Integrated River, video sculpture at Miyagi Museum of Art, Sendai, JP
Fog Sculpture, Ojika River (collaboration with Bill Viola), Festival of Light, Sound and Fog, Kawaji-Onsen, Tochigi, JP
Opal Loop/Cloud #72503City  (collaboration width Trisha Brown Dance Company), New York City, US
Cloud Installation # 72405, Cloud Lake, The 11th International Sculpture Conference, Washington D.C., US
White Pond, water work at Harajuku Pallait France, Tokyo, JP

1979
Fog over Knavelskar, screening at Video Viewpoints, Museum of Modern Art, New York, US
Black Tea Bowls, screening at Video Viewpoints, Museum of Modern Art, New York, US
Soji-ji, screening at Video Viewpoints, Museum of Modern Art, New York, US

1978
River, video sculpture at 10th International Encounter on Video, Sogetsu Museum, Tokyo, JP

1976
Pond, installation at Yokohama Municipal Gallery, JP
Fog Sculpture # 94768 Earth Talk, 2ND Sydney Biennale, The Domain, Sydney, AU

1975
Tokyo Ten (Tokyo Exhibition) (collaboration with Video Information Center), installation at Tokyo Metropolitan Museum, JP

1974
Fog Environment for David Tudor Concert "Island Eye Island Ear", Knavelskar Island, SE
Mona Lisa’s Queue, video screening at Video Symposium, Kingston, CA
Standing an Egg, video installation at The 11th Biennale of Tokyo, Tokyo Metropolitan Museum, JP

1973
Statics of an Egg, screening at New York-Tokyo Video Express, Tenjosajiki-kan, Tokyo, JP
Columbus Story, screening at Matrix International Video Conference, Vancouver Art Gallery, CA
Ride the Wind and Draw a Line, video installation at Equivalent Cinema ’73, Kyoto Municipal Museum, JP

1971
Fog Performance #47662 Korakuen Utopia & Visions Concert (with Taj Mahal Travellers) Korakuen Ice Palace, Tokyo, JP

1970
Fog Sculpture #47773 "Pepsi Pavillion", Expo'70, Osaka, JP

1966
9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering (Performance organised by the Experimental Group of Artists and Engineers) The 69th Regiment Armory, New York City, US 

1962
Fujiko Nakaya, Oil Paintings, Tokyo Gallery, JP

PERMANENT INSTALLATIONS 

Pathfinder, Ekerbergparken, Oslo, 2018
Fog Bridge, San Francisco Exploratorium Pier 15, 2013 
Fog Fountain, Obihiro Station South Park, Japan, 1996
Fog Sculptures, Mist Circle and Hanchi, Mindscape Museum, Okazaki City, Japan, 1996
Fog Sculpture #08025 (F.O.G.), Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, 1998
Fog Sculpture, Greenland Glacial Moraine Garden, Nakaya Ukichoro Museum of Snow and Ice in Ishikawa, Japan, 1994
Fog Sculpture #94925 Foggy Wake in a Desert: An Ecoscape, The Australian National Gallery Sculpture Garden, Canberra, 1983

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