Lucian Freud (1922-2011) was one of the foremost figurative artists of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, redefining our understanding of portraiture. He was born on 8 December 1922 in Berlin to Ernst Freud, the youngest son of the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, and Lucie Brasch. The family lived near the Tiergarten, but with the increasing Nazi threat to the Jewish community, ten year old Lucian, along with his two brothers Stephen and Clement, moved with their parents to England in the summer of 1933. Initially, he was schooled at Dartington Hall in Devon and then at Bryanston in Dorset where he was less interested in academia than he was in horses and art.

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GALLERY EXHIBITIONS

Blain|Southern London
Drawings

Drawings

17 February – 5 April 2012

Blain|Southern London
Archive

Archive

17 February – 5 April 2012

BIOGRAPHY

In 1938, aged fifteen, Freud enrolled at the Central School of Arts and Crafts—where he engaged principally with drawing—but stayed only for a term, not taking to the school’s atmosphere. It was in the early summer of 1939, when sixteen, that he attended the East Anglian School of Drawing and Painting in Dedham, Essex, and found that he could paint. Under the guidance of the school’s principal Cedric Morris, Freud produced works including portraits, views from a window, plants and personally significant still lives. Formative influences cited by Freud include Aubrey Beardsley’s Lysistrata illustrations.

After supposedly burning down the East Anglian School as a result of discarding a lit cigarette, in 1941 Freud served on the armed merchant cruiser SS Baltrover—a North Atlantic convoy travelling to Nova Scotia which was attacked from both the air and by a submarine.

Initially returning to England to re-attend the East Anglian School now at Benton End, Hadleigh, Suffolk, Freud subsequently moved to Paddington in London and mounted his first one-man show at the gallery Alex Reid & Lefevre in 1944. During his years in Paddington many of his Irish working-class neighbours sat for him, in particular the brothers Charlie and Billy.

Freud began to travel to Paris, and spent two months there in 1946, followed by another five months on the Greek island of Poros. He stayed there again in 1947 with Kitty Garman, the daughter of Kathlene Garman and the sculptor Jacob Epstein. Freud married Kitty the following year. During 1948 he also exhibited at the London Gallery.

From 1949-54, Freud made very occasional trips to the Slade School of Art as a visiting tutor having accepted William Coldstream’s invitation to join the new staff. During this period of the early 1950s, Freud’s focus on drawing and interest in northern European artists including Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres and Albreht Dürer shifted towards a more concentrated commitment to painting.  The work Interior in Paddington (1951), a large canvas depicting the photographer Harry Diamond standing next to a giant palm tree, won the Purchase Prize from the Arts Council of Great Britain in 1951.

Having divorced Kitty Garman, Freud was married to Caroline Blackwood in 1953, who like Kitty, he painted a number of times. During 1954, along with Francis Bacon and Ben Nicholson, Freud represented Great Britain at the 27th Venice Biennale. At this time there was critical debate about whether Freud’s talent was dwindling; David Sylvester believed that it was ‘impossible to say whether this [shift] indicates the incipient decline of an art whose talent flowered remarkably early’.

Freud’s marriage to Caroline Blackwood ended in 1958 and it was during this period, at the end of the 1950s, that the artists began standing to paint. Moreover, he had actively made the decision to abandon drawing as he felt that this made his painting too linear (a decision made at the end of 1954). His 1958 exhibition at Marlborough Fine Art presented works that used a palette of greens and yellows to create highly specific flesh tones and it is broadly noted that the exhibition was badly received, with Freud ceasing ‘to be fashionable’.

Not until 1961 did Freud being to draw again, utilising watercolour on a trip to Greece with his children, but even then, it remained a minor activity until 1970. It was in 1972 that the artist exhibited at the d’Offay gallery, London (with further exhibitions in 1978 and 1982). The Hayward Gallery, London, retrospective of 1974 played an important role in increasing the artist’s exposure, and this was nurtured in particular by William Feaver who later curated the 2002 Tate retrospective.

The artist moved to Holland Park in West London during the year of 1977.

In 1982, coinciding with Lawrence Gowing’s monograph on Freud, the artist began to make etchings for the first time since Ill in Paris, created thirty-four years previously. Freud was awarded the Companion of Honour in 1983 in recognition of his national importance.

Between 1981 and 1983 the artist was highly preoccupied with the completion of the work Large interior W.11 (after Watteau)—one of his most ambitious paintings inspired by Antoine Watteau’s Pierrot Content (c. 1712). In 1986 the National Gallery, London, approached Freud to select works from their permanent collection for an exhibition; the artist chose works by artists including Velázquez, Rembrandt, Rubens, Ingres, Degas and Turner. It was the Turner painting selected by Freud, Sun rising through vapour: fishermen cleaning and selling fish (1807), that inspired Freud to create images of fish piled high on the sand.

A retrospective organised by the British Council at the Hirshhorn Museum, Washington DC, toured to the Musée Nationale d’Art Moderne, Paris, the Hayward Gallery, London, and the Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin, from 1987-8. The artist’s mother died in 1989, and Freud drew her on her deathbed concluding a series of portraits of Lucie started by Lucian in 1972. Similarly, Freud depicted many of his children (approximately 15 were recognised) during his lifetime, including Bella Freud, Annie Freud and Esther Freud.

From 1991-93 the exhibition Lucian Freud: Paintings and Works on Paper 1940-1991 toured from the Palazzo Ruspoli, Rome, to the Tate Gallery, Liverpool, and then onto spaces in Japan and Australia. 1993 also saw the artist accept more honours, being invited into the Order of Merit in recognition of his distinguished service to the arts. From 1993-4 the exhibition Recent Work created by the Whitechapel Gallery, London, drew in vast crowds when touring to both the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, and the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid.

Queen Elizabeth II sat for Freud in 2001, and he produced a small-scale portrait which he then subsequently donated to the Royal Collection. From 2002-3 the exhibition Lucian Freud, curated by William Feaver, toured from Tate Britain, London, to the Fundavio “la Caixa”, Barcelona, and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles. Also, Freud was asked to select the works for the important Constable exhibition John Constable: le Choix de Lucian Freud at the Grand Palais, Paris, as he greatly respected the artist’s painting.

His 2005 retrospective at the Museo Correr, Venice, coincided with the 51st Venice Biennale and was also curated by William Feaver. 2006 saw the exhibition Auerbach and Freud open at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, grouping the works of these two British masters, and then in 2007 the exhibition Lucian Freud travelled from the Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, to the Louisiana in Denmark, and then to the Gemeente Museum, The Hague, Netherlands. From 2007-8, the Museum of Modern art, New York, organised an exhibition which had great impact on the public, titled The Painter’s Etchings, which explored how integral etching was to Freud’s practice, showing the early experiments of the 1940s to the increasingly large and complex compositions of the 1980s.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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CV

1922 - 2011, Born in Berlin, DE
Lived and worked in London, UK


EDUCATION

1943
Goldsmiths University of London, London, UK

1939
Cedric Morris’ East Anglian School of Painting and Drawing, Dedham, UK


AWARDS

1993
Ordre du Mérite

1983
Order of the Companions of Honour


SELECTED SOLO EXHIBITIONS

2012
Lucian Freud: Drawings, Blain|Southern, London, UK; Acquavella Galleries, New York, US
Lucian Freud Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, London, UK; Fort Worth, Texas, US

2010
Lucian Freud: L’Atelier, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, FR

2009
Interjections: Lucian Freud Still Life, Getty Center, Los Angeles, US
Lucian Freud: Works on Paper, James Hyman Gallery, London, UK
Lucian Freud: Etchings, Marlborough Fine Art Ltd, London, UK
Lucian Freud: Drawings 1940, Niagara Galleries, Melbourne, AU

2008
Lucian Freud: Early Works 1940-58, Hazlitt Holland-Hibbert, London, UK

2007
Lucian Freud, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, IR; Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebæk, DK; Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, The Hague, NL
Lucian Freud: The Painter’s Etchings, Museum of Modern Art, New York, US
About Men: Lucian Freud, Newcastle Region Art Gallery, Newcastle, AU

2006
Lucian Freud: Nudes, Rex Irwin Gallery, Sydney, AU
Lucian Freud: Recent Works, Acquavella Galleries, New York, US

2005
Lucian Freud, Museo Correr, Venice, IT
Lucian Freud: Etchings 1946-2005, Marlborough Fine Art Ltd, London, UK
Lucian Freud: Etchings, Faggionato Fine Art, New York, US

2004
Lucian Freud In the Studio, (photographs by David Dawson), National Portrait Gallery, London, UK
Lucian Freud: Latest Paintings, The Wallace Collection, London, UK
Lucian Freud: Etchings, 1946-2004, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, UK
Lucian Freud: Recent Paintings and Etchings, Acquavella Galleries, New York, US

2003
Lucian Freud: Drawings 1940, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York, US
Lucian Freud: Etchings 1982-2002, Region Art Gallery, Newcastle , AU

2002
Lucian Freud (retrospective), Tate Britain, London, UK, Fundació La Caixa, Barcelona, ES; Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, US
Lucian Freud: Recent Etchings, John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, US
Lucian Freud: Graphik/Prints, Städtisches Kunstmuseum Spendhaus, Reutlingen, DE

2001
Lucian Freud: Recent Etchings, John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, US

2000
Lucian Freud, Naked Portraits, Works from the 1940s to the 1990s, Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt-am-Main, DE
Lucian Freud: Recent Work 1997-2000, Acquavella Galleries, New York, US
Lucian Freud: A New Painting, White Cube Gallery, London, UK
Lucian Freud Etchings 1982-2000, Rex Irwin Gallery, Sydney, AU
Lucian Freud: Etchings, Ode to Pluto, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York, US
Lucian Freud: Etchings from the 1990s, Marlborough Fine Art Ltd, London, UK

1999
Lucian Freud: Etchings from the Paine Webber Art Collection, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven; Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego; Seattle Art Museum; University of Houston, Blaffer Gallery; Stanford University, Iris &B. Gerald Cantor Centre for Visual Arts; Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, US
Lucian Freud, Recent Etchings 1995-1999, Marlborough Graphics, London, UK

1998
Lucian Freud: Some New Paintings, Tate Gallery, London, UK
Lucian Freud: Paintings and Drawings, Theo Waddington Fine Art, London, UK

1997
Lucian Freud: Early Works, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, UK
Lucian Freud: Radierungen/Etchings, 9th award of the Rubens Prize, Siegen, DE

1996
Lucian Freud, A Selection: Paintings and Works on Paper, Davis and Langdale, New York, US
Lucian Freud: Paintings and Etchings, Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, UK
Lucian Freud: New Work, Acquavella Contemporary Art, New York, US

1994
Lucian Freud at Dulwich Picture Gallery, Dulwich Picture Gallery, London, UK

1993
Lucian Freud: Recent Work, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, UK; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, US; Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, ES
Lucian Freud: Early Works, Robert Miller Gallery, New York, US
Lucian Freud: Recent Drawings and Etchings, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York, US
Lucian Freud, Paul Thek: Etchings, Kendall Campus Art Gallery-Miami Dade Community College, Miami, US

1992
Lucian Freud: Paintings and Works on Paper 1942-1991, Tochigi Prefectural Museum of Fine Arts, Tochigi; Otani Memorial Museum, Nishinomiya; Setagaya Art Museum, Tokyo, JP; Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney; Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth, AU
Lucian Freud: The Complete Etchings 1946-1992, Mary Ryan Gallery, New York, US

1991
Lucian Freud: Dipinti e opere su carta 1940-1991, Palazzo Ruspoli, Rome; Castello Sforzesco, Salle Viscontea, Milan, IT; Tate Liverpool, UK
Lucian Freud: Etchings 1946-1990, Nishimura Gallery, Tokyo, JP
Lucian Freud: The Complete Etchings 1946-1991, Thomas Gibson Fine Art, London, UK

1990
Lucian Freud: L’oeuvre Gravé, Berggruen & Cie, Paris, FR

1989
Lucian Freud: Etchings, Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London, UK

1988
Lucian Freud: Works on Paper, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford; The Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, Ferens Art Gallery, Hull, Walker Art Gallery Liverpool; Royal Albert Memorial Museum, Exeter, UK; Fine Arts Museum San Francisco, CA; Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco; Minneapolis Institute of Arts; Brooke Alexander Gallery, New York; Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio; Saint Louis Museum of Art, Missouri; Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, UK
Lucian Freud: Etchings 1982-1988, Rex Irwin Gallery, Sydney, AU
Lucian Freud: Paintings 1947-87, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, UK
Lucian Freud: Paintings, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institute, Washington D.C., US; Centre Pompidou, Musée National d’art Moderne, Paris, FR; Hayward Gallery, London, UK; Neue National Galerie, Staatliche Museen Stiftung Preussicher Kulturbesitz, Berlin, DE

1987
Lucian Freud: Etchings, Nishimura Gallery, Tokyo, JP
The Artist’s Eye: Lucian Freud (An Exhibition of The National Gallery Paintings Selected by the Artist), The National Gallery, London, UK   

1984
Lucian Freud: A Painting and Etchings, Nishimura Gallery, Tokyo, JP

1982
Lucian Freud, Anthony d’Offay, London, UK

1979
Lucian Freud, Nishimura Gallery, Tokyo, JP

1978
Lucian Freud: Recent Paintings, Anthony d’Offay, London, UK

1974
Lucian Freud, Hayward Gallery, London, UK
Pages from a Sketchbook of 1941, Anthony d’Offay, London, UK

1972
Lucian Freud: Recent Paintings, Anthony d’Offay, London, UK

1968
Lucian Freud: Recent Work, Marlborough Fine Art, London, UK

1963
Lucian Freud: Recent Work, Marlborough Fine Art, London, UK

1958
Lucian Freud: Paintings, Marlborough Fine Art, London, UK

1948
Lucian Freud, London Gallery, London, UK


SELECT GROUP EXHIBITIONS

2009
On View: Works on Paper, Marlborough Fine Art Ltd, London, UK
Works on Paper, Faggionato Fine Art, London, UK
Lucian Freud and Paula Rego: Graphische Arbeiten, Galerie Beck & Eggeling, Dusseldorf, DE

2008
Important Drawings, Prints and Ceramics, Rex Irwin Gallery, Sydney, AU
Modern British Art 2008, Hazlitt Holland-Hibbert, London, UK

2007
A Selection of Works on Paper, John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, US
The Mirror and the Mask: Portraiture in the Age of Picasso, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza; Fundación Caja, Madrid, ES; Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, Texas, US
Painting Now! Back to Figuration, Kunsthal Rotterdam, Rotterdam, NL
An Incomplete World,  Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, AU
The Naked Portrait 1900 to 2007, National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, UK
Summer Selection, Forum Gallery Inc, New York, US
Various Artists: On View, Marlborough Fine Art Ltd, London, UK
Paper Baglady and Other Stories, Timothy Taylor Gallery, London, UK
All the More Real: Portrayals of Intimacy and Empathy, Parrish Art Museum, Southampton, US
Small Format, Faggionato Fine Art, London, UK
Major Prints, John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, US
Lucian Freud and Andrew Tift “Portrait of Kitty”, 1948-2006, New Art Gallery, Walsall, UK

2006
Eye on Europe: Prints, Books and Multiples, 1960 to Now, Museum of Modern Art, New York, US
Matisse to Freud, A Critic’s Choice: The Alexander Walker Bequest, Usher Gallery, Lincoln; New Walk Museum and Art Gallery, Leicester; Harewood House Trust; Shipley Art Gallery, Gateshead, UK
The Painter’s Garden: Design, Inspiration and Delight, Städel Museum, Frankfurt-am-Main; Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich, DE
Important Works on Paper and Sculptures, Rex Irwin Gallery, Sydney, AU
Pop Art and After, Galerie Haas AG, Zurich, CH

2005
Creative Tension: British Art 1900-1950, Gallery Oldham, Oldham, UK; Harris Museum and Art Gallery, Preston; Bolton Museum and Art Gallery, Bolton; Touchstones Rochdale, Rochdale; Fine Art Society, London, UK
Important Works on Paper and Sculptures, Rex Irwin Gallery, Sydney, AU

2004
Important Works on Paper, Rex Irwin Gallery, Sydney, AU
Art of the Garden, The Garden in British Art, 1800 to Present Day, Tate Britain, London, UK
XIX & XX Century: Master Paintings and Sculptures, Acquavella Galleries, New York, US

2003
Fresh Works on Paper, 5th Anniversary Exhibition, James Kelly Contemporary, Santa Fe, US
Works on Paper & Important Ceramics, Rex Irwin Gallery, Sydney, AU
Portraiture, Karyn Love Grove Gallery, Los Angeles, US
Trees, Rex Irwin Gallery, Sydney, AU

2002
Blast to Freeze: British Art in the 20th Century, Kunstmuseum, Wolfsburg, DE; Les Abattoirs, Toulouse, FR
The Nude in Twentieth Century Art, Kunsthalle im Emden, Emden, DE

2001
Centenary Exhibition, Whitechapel Gallery, London, UK
British Etchings, Whistler to Freud, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, AU

2000
The School of London and their Friends: The Collection of Elaine and Melvin Merians, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven; Neuberger Museum of Art, State University of New York, US
La Mirada fuerte, Pintura figurative de Londres, Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City;  Museo de Monterrey, MX
Auerbach, Bacon, Freud, Kossoff, Paintings and Selected Drawings, James Hyman Gallery, London, UK
Auerbach, Bacon, Freud, Kossoff, Blains Fine Art, London, UK
Encounters: New Art from Old, The National Gallery, London, UK
Le Nu au XXe siècle, Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul, FR

1999
Regarding Beauty, A View of the Late Twentieth Century, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institute, Washington D.C., US; Haus de Kunst, Munich, DE
Willem de Kooning, Peter Fischli & David Weiss, Lucian Freud, Katharina Fritsch, Ellsworth Kelly, Brice Marden, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York, US
L’École de Londres: de Bacon á Bevan, Fondation Dina Vierny-Musée Maillo, Paris, FR; Auditorio de Galicia, Santiago de Compostella, ES; Museum Hundertwasser, Vienna, AT

1998 
Sargent to Freud: Modern British Painting and Drawing in the Beaverbrook Art Collection, (1 work), Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Fredericton, CA; Arthur Ross Gallery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, US; Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield, UK

1997
Treasure Island, Centro Arte Moderna, Lisbon, PT

1996
Thinking Print: from Books to Billboards 1980-95, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, US

1995
Bacon-Freud: Expressions, Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul, FR 
From London: Bacon, Freud, Kossoff, Andrews, Kitaj, (16 works), Scottish National Art Gallery, Edinburgh, UK; Musée National d’Histoire et d’Art, LUX; Musée Cantonal des Beaux-Arts, Lausanne, FR; Fundació La Caixa, Barcelona, ES
Identity & Alterity: Figures of the Body 1895/1995, XLVI Venice Biennale, Palazzo Grassi, Venice, IT

1994
Double Reality: The “School of London”, Astrup Fearnley Museet for Moderne Kunst, Oslo, NO

1993
Seven British Painters, Selected Masters of Post-War Art: Michael Andrews, Frank Auerbach, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, David Hockney, R.B. Kitaj, Leon Kossoff, Marlborough Fine Art Ltd, London, UK

1992
British Figurative Painting of the 20th Century, The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, IL

1991
The Modern Still Life: Selections from the Drawing Collection, Museum of Modern Art, New York, US
From Bacon to Now: The Outsider in British Figuration, Palazzo Vecchio, Florence, IT
Like the Face of the Moon, Bolton Museum and Art Gallery, Bolton; Stoke on Trent Museum and Art Gallery; Mead Gallery, University of Warwick, Coventry, Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea, UK
Art of the Forties, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, US
Artist’s Sketchbooks, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York, US
In Human Terms, Stiebel Modern, New York, US
The Transformation of Appearance: Andrews, Auerbach, Bacon, Freud, Kossoff, Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, Norwich, UK

1990
Avantgarde British Printmaking, British Museum, London, UK
For a Wilder World: Sixty Works in the British Council Collection, Musee National d’Histoire et d’Art, LU; Ukranian Museum of Fine Arts, Kiev; St. Cyril and Methodius International Foundation, Sofia, BG; Museo Nacional de Belles Artes, Buenos Aires, AR
The British Imagination: Twentieth Century Paintings, Sculptures and Drawings, Hirschl & Adler Galleries, New York, US
The Pursuit of the Real: British Figurative Painting from Sickert to Bacon, City Art Gallery, Manchester; The Barbican Art Gallery, London; Glasgow City Art Gallery;  Kelvingrove, Glasgow, UK
Frank Auerbach, Richard Deacon, Lucian Freud, Saatchi Collection, London, UK Masterpieces from the Arts Council Collection: 20th Century British Paintings, The Ueno Royal  Museum, Tokyo, JP       
Glasgow’s Great British Art Exhibition, McLellan Galleries, Glasgow, UK

1989
Portrait of the Artist/Artists’ Portraits Published by Art News & Review 1949 – 1960, Tate Gallery, London, UK
Important Works on Paper, The Lefevre Gallery, London, UK

1988
100 Years of Art in Britain, Leeds City Art Gallery, Leeds, UK
Monet to Freud, Sothebys, London, UK
The British Picture, LA Louver Gallery, Venice, US
Works on Paper by Contemporary Artists, Marlborough Fine Art Ltd, London, UK
Contemporary Graphics, Marlborough Fine Art Ltd, Graphics Gallery, London, UK
The Magic Mirror Dada and Surrealism from a Private Collection, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, UK
Die Spur des Anderen, (2 works), Haine-Haus, Hamburg, DE
The Face, (2 works), The Arkansas Art Centre, Little Rock, US

1987
A School of London: Six Figurative Painters, (13 works), Kunstnernes Hus, Oslo, NO; Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, DK; Museo d’Arte Moderna Ca’Pesar, Venice, IT; Kunstmuseum Dusseldorf, DE
British Art in the Twentieth Century: The Modern Movement and After, Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK
A Paradise Lost: the Neo – Romantic Imagination in Britain, Barbican Art Gallery, London, UK

1986
Forty Years of Modern Art 1945 – 1985, The Tate Gallery, London, UK
Studies of the Nude, Marlborough Fine Art Ltd, London, UK
Artist and Model, Whitworth Art Gallery, University of Manchester, UK
Contrariwise: Surrealism and Britain 1930 – 1936, Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea; Victoria Art Gallery, Bath; Polytechnic Gallery, Newcastle, Mostyn Art Gallery, Llandudno, UK

1985
Carnegie International 1985, Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, US
The British Show, Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth; Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney; Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane; Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne; National Art Gallery, Wellington, AU
A Singular Vision: Paintings of the Figure by Contemporary British Artists, Royal Albert Memorial Museum, Exeter; Milton Keynes Exhibition Gallery, Wolverton; Atkinson Art Gallery, Southport; Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle upon Tyne; Cooper Gallery, Barnsley; South London Gallery, London, UK

1984
The Proper Study: Contemporary Figurative Paintings from Britain, Lalit Kala Akademi, Delhi; Jehangir Nicholson Museum of Modern Art, National Centre for Performing Arts Bombay, IN
A Circle: Portraits and Self – Portraits by Arikha, Auerbach, Kitaj, Freud, Marlborough Graphics Gallery, London, UK
Capital Painting: Pictures from Corporate Collections in the City of London, Barbican Art Gallery, London, UK
The Hard-Won Image: Traditional Method and Subject in Recent British Art, The Tate Gallery, London, UK
Creation: Modern Art and Nature, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, UK
Frank Auerbach, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Rex Irwin Gallery, Sydney, AU
John Craxton and Lucian Freud, Christopher Hull Gallery, London, UK

1983
As of Now, Peter Moores’ Project 7: An Exhibition Selected by William Feaver, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, UK
In Honor of De Kooning, Xavier Fourcade Inc, New York, US
British Salutes New York: Paintings and Sculpture by Contemporary British Artists, Marlborough Gallery, New York, US
Lucian Freud, Frank Auerbach, Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London, UK

1982
Aspects of British Art Today, Metropolitan Art Museum, Tokyo; Prefectural Museum of Fine Arts, Tochigi; National Museum of Fine Arts, Osaka; Fukuoka Art Museum, Fukouka; Hokkaido Museum of Modern Art, Sapporo, JP

1981
Eight Figurative Artists, Yale Centre for British Art, New Haven; Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, US
A New Spirit in Painting, Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK

1979
The British Art Show, Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield; Laing Art Gallery and Halton Art Gallery, Newcastle upon Tyne; Royal West of England Academy, Bristol, co organised with the City Museum and Art Gallery, Arnolfini Gallery, UK
Treasures from Chatsworth: the Devonshire Inheritance, Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK; Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond; Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, US; The Toledo Museum of  Art, Toledo, ES; San Antonio Museum of Art, San Antonio, US; New Orleans Museum of Art, Louisiana, US;  The Fine Arts Museum, California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, US
This Knot of Life (Part I): Painting and Drawings by British Artists’, L.A. Louver Gallery, Venice, US

1978
25 from 51: 25 Paintings from the Festival of Britain, Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, UK
20th Century Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, London, UK

1977
Real Life. Peter Moores’, Liverpool Project 4, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, UK
British Painting 1952-1977, Royal Academy of Arts London, UK

1976
The Human Clay. An Exhibition Selected by K.B. Kitaj, Haywood Gallery, London, UK (Touring exhibition organised by the Arts Council)
European Painting in the Seventies; New Work by Sixteen Artists, Los Angeles County Museum; Elvehjem Art Centre, Madison (Wisconsin), US

1975
British Exhibition, Art 6 “75”, Schweizer Münstermesse, Basel, CH
Drawings of People: An Exhibition of Drawings Selected for the Arts Council by Patrick George, Touring exhibition organised by the Arts Council of Great Britain, UK
English Portraits, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, JP

1974   
La Ricerca dell’ Identitá, Palazzo Reale, Milan, IT
Twentieth Century Drawings and Watercolours, Marlborough Fine Art Ltd, London, UK

1971
Snap, National Portrait Gallery, London, UK

1963
British Painting in the Sixties, Tate Gallery, London and the Whitechapel Art Gallery, Manchester;
Glasgow, UK; Zurich, CH (Exhibition organised by the Contemporary Art Society)
The Dunn International Exhibition of Contemporary Painting, Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Fredericton, New Brunswick, CA, US;  Tate Gallery, London, UK

1962    
British Self Portraits from Sickert to the Present Day, The Arts Council of Great Britain, London; Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle upon Tyne; Leeds, Birmingham; Leicester; Salford; Guilford; Bournemouth, UK

1960
Modern British Portraits, Arts Council Gallery, Cambridge; Lang Art Gallery, Newcastle; Torre Abbey, Torquay; Museum and Art Gallery, Nottingham; Museum and Art Gallery, Newport; Museum and Art Gallery, Bolton, (exhibition organised by The Arts Council), UK

1955
Daily Express Young Artist’s Exhibition, New Burlington Galleries, London, UK

1954
Recent British Drawings, Institute of Contemporary Arts Gallery (ICA), London, UK
XXVII Venice Biennale, British Pavilion, Lucian Freud, Ben Nicholson and Francis Bacon, Venice, IT

1953
Portraits by Contemporary British Artists, Marlborough Fine Art Ltd, London, UK

1952
Contemporary Drawings from 12 Countries 1945-1952, The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, US
Recent Trends in Realist Painting, Institute of Contemporary Art (ICA), London, UK
Lucian Freud: New Paintings, Martin Froy: First Exhibition, Hanover Gallery, London, UK

1951
60 Paintings for “51”, Arts Council – Festival of Britain, London, Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield; City Museum and Art Gallery, Birmingham; City Museum and Art Gallery, Birmingham, UK
21 Modern British Painters, Vancouver Art Gallery; Seattle; San Jose; San Francisco; Salt Lake City; Portland, US (Exhibition organised by the British Council)
British Painting 1925-1950: First Anthology, New Burlington Galleries, London; Manchester City Art Gallery, UK (Exhibition organised by the British Council and the Manchester City Art Gallery for the festival Britain)

1950
London-Paris: New Trends in Painting and Sculpture. An Exhibition of the work of 16 Artists, Institute of Contemporary Art (ICA), New Burlington Galleries, London, UK
Work choices, Hanover Gallery, London, UK
I Bienale do Museu de Arte Moderna, Biennale de São Paulo, BR
Lucian Freud: Recent Work, Roger Vieillard: Engravings, Hanover Gallery, London, UK

1948
La Jeine Peinture en Grand-Bretagne, Galerie René Drouin, Paris, FR (Exhibition co-hosted with the British Council)
Forty Years of Modern Art 1907-1947: A Selection from British Collections, Institute of Contemporary Art (ICA), London, UK
Lucian Freud, James Gleeson, Robert Klippel, John Pemberton, Cawthra Mulock, London Gallery, London, UK

1947
Quindici Pittori Ingelsi, Studio d’Arte Palma, Rome, IT (Exhibition organised by the British Council)
Recent Paintings and Drawings by John Craxton and Lucian Freud, London Gallery, London, UK

1946
Recent Paintings by Ben Nicholson, Graham Sutherland, Francis Bacon, Robert Colquhoun, John Craxton, Lucian Freud, Robert MacBryde, Julian Trevelyan, Lefevre Gallery, London, UK

1944
Exhibition with Felix Kelly and Julian Trevelyan, Lefevre Gallery, London, UK

1943
New Year Exhibition: Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, Leicester Galleries, London, UK

1942
New Year Exhibition: Modern French Pictures from an English Private Collection, Contemporary English Art, Leicester Galleries, London, UK
Imaginative Art since the War, Leicester Galleries, London, UK
Contemporary British Paintings, Lefevre Gallery, London, UK


SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

2011
Lucian Freud: Drawings, Blain|Southern, London, UK; Acquavella Galleries, New York, US

2010
Lucian Freud: L’Atelier, Éditions Centre Pompidou, Paris, FR
Lucian Freud Early Works 1940-58, Hazlitt Holland-Hibbert, London, UK
Martin Gayford, Man with a Blue Scarf: On Sitting for a Portrait by Lucian Freud, Thames & Hudson, UK

2008
Sebastian Smee and Richard Calvocoressi, Freud on Paper, Jonathan Cape

2007
Lucian Freud, The Painter’s Etchings, Museum of Modern Art, New York, UK
The Naked Portrait 1900 to 2007, National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, UK
Lucian Freud, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, IR
Sebastian Smee, Lucian Freud, Taschen
William Feaver, Lucian Freud, Rizzoli

2006
Sebastian Smee, (with photographs by Bruce Bernard and David Dawson), Freud at Work, Random House

2005
Sebastian Smee, Lucian Freud 1996-2005, Jonathan Cape

2004
Lucian Freud, Etchings 1946-2004, National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, UK

2003
Lucian Freud: Drawings 1940, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York, US

2002
Blast to Freeze: British Art in the 20thCentury, Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern, DE
Lucian Freud, Tate Publishing, London, UK
Lucian Freud, Graphik/Prints, Städtisches Kunstmuseum Spendhaus, Reutlingen, DE
William Feaver, Lucian Freud, Tate Publishing

2000
Lucian Freud, Naked Portraits, Works from the 1940s to the 1990s, Hatje Cantz, Otsfildern, DE
Lucian Freud, Etchings, Ode to Pluto, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York, US
Le Nu XXe siècle, Fondation Maeght, Sain-Paul, FR
Encounters New Art from Old, The National Gallery, London, UK
Auerbach, Bacon, Freud, Kossoff, Paintings and Selected Drawings, James Hyman Gallery, London, UK

1999
Regarding Beauty: A View of the Late Twentieth Century, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., US
Lucian Freud: Etchings from the Paine Webber Art Collection, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, US

1998
L’École de London: de Bacon à Bevan, Fondation Dina Vierny- Musée Mayllol, Paris, FR

1997
Lucian Freud, Radierungen, Kerber Verlag, Bielefeld, DE
Treasure Island, Centro de Arte Moderna Jose de Azeredo Perdigão, Lisbon, ES
Lucian Freud, Early Works, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, UK
Robert Hughes, Lucian Freud, revised edition, Thames & Hudson

1996
Lucian Freud, Paintings and Etchings, Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Kendal, UK
Bernard Bruce, and Derek Birdsall, Lucian Freud, Jonathan Cape

1995
From London: Bacon, Freud, Kossoff, Andrews, Auerbach, Kitaj, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, UK
Bacon-Freud, Expressions, Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul, FR
Identity and Alterity: Figures of the Body 1895/1995, La Biennale di Venezia, Venice, IT
Craig Hartley, The Etchings of Lucian Freud: A Catalogue Raisonné, Marlborough Graphics

1994
Double Reality, The School of London, Astrup Fearnley Museet for Modern Kunst, Oslo, NO

1993
Lucian Freud, Recent Drawings and Etchings, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York, US
Lucian Freud, Early Works, Robert Miller Gallery, New York, US
Lucian Freud: Recent Work, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, UK

1992
British Figurative Painting of the 20th Century, The Israel Museum, Jerusalem/British Council, London, UK
Lucian Freud, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, AU

1991
Lucian Freud, Dipinti e opere su carta 1940-1991, Arnoldo Mondadori Arte, Milan, IT
Artist’s Sketchbooks, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York, US
Art of the Forties, The Museum of Modern Art’, New York, US
John Gruen, The Artist Observed: 28 Interviews with Contemporary Artists, A Cappella Books

1990
For a Wider World: Sixty Works in the British Council Collection, The Council, London, UK
Avantgarde British Printmaking 1914-1960, British Museum, London, UK
Lucian Freud, L’oeuvre grave, Berggruen & Cie, Paris, FR
The Pursuit of the Real, British Figurative Painting from Sickert to Bacon, Lund Humphries, London/Manchester Art Galleries, UK

1989
Portraits of the Artist/Artists Portraits Published by Art News and Review, Tate Gallery, London, UK

1988
The Face, The Arkansas Art Center, Little Rock, US
The Magic Mirror, Dada and Surrealism from a Private Collection, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, UK
Lucian Freud, Works on Paper, Thames & Hudson, New York, US

1987
A School of London: Six Figurative Painters, The British Council, London, UK
A Paradise Lost: the Neo-Romantic Imagination of Britain, 1935-1955, Barbican Art Gallery, London, UK
Robert Hughes, Lucian Freud, Paintings, Thames & Hudson

1986
Studies of the Nude, Marlborough Fine Art Ltd, London, UK
Forty Years of Modern Art 1945-1985, Tate Gallery, London, UK
British Art in the 20th Century: the Modern Movement, Prestel Publishing, Munich, DE

1985
Carnegie International, Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, US
The British Show, The Gallery, Sydney, AU

1984
The Proper Study: Contemporary Figurative Painting from Britain, Lalit Kala Akademi, Delhi, IN
Creation: Modern Art and Nature, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, UK
The Hard-Won Image: Traditional Method and Subject in Recent British Art, The Tate Gallery, London, UK

1982
Gowing, Lawrence Lucian Freud, Thames & Hudson

1981
Eight Figurative Painters, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, US
A New Spirit in Painting, Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK

1979
The British Art Show, Mappin Art Gallery, Sheffield, UK

1976
The Human Clay, An Exhibition Selected by R,B, Kitaj, Hayward Gallery, London, UK

1975
European Painting in the Seventies: New Work by Sixteen Artists, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, US

1974
La Ricerca dell’identità, Electa, Venice, IT
Lucian Freud, The Arts Council, London, UK

1970
Zeitgenossen, Das Geischt unserer-Gesellschaft im Spiegel der heutigen Kunst, Städtische Kunsthalle, Recklinghausen, DE

1948
La Jeune Peinture en Grande-Bretagne, Galerie René Drouin, Paris, FR


SELECT ARTICLES AND REVIEWS

2011    
"Lucian Freud, Obituary", The Times, 22 July
"Lucian Freud, Painter, died on July 20th, aged 88", The Economist, 30 July
"Lucian Freud, OM", The Telegraph, 21 July
Laura Cumming, "Lucian Freud: life writ large", The Guardian, 22 July
William Feaver, "Lucien Freud: friend, good cook and man of very rude letters",The Observer, 24 July
William Grimes, "Lucian Freud, Figurative Painter Who Redefined Portraiture, Is Dead at 88", The New York Times, 21 July
Catherine Lampert, "Lucian Freud Obituary", The Guardian, 22 July 
Stephen Miller, "Painter’s ‘Naked Portraits’ Depicted Friends, Relatives", The Wall Street Journal, 22 July
Rachel Spence, "Unrivalled interpreter of human flesh’ Lucian Freud dies", The Financial Times, 21 July 

2010
"Lucian Freud: The Painter in his Studio", The Economist, 23 September 

2008
Simon Edge, "Freud the Lothario", Daily Express, 16 May 
"Lucian Freud's Benefits Supervisor Sleeping sells for record $33m'", The Times, 14 May 
Pilar Ordovas and William Paton "Lucian Freud, Girl Reading"/"Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud", Christie's Auction Catalogue,19 October

2007
Roberta Smith, "Lucian Freud Stripped Bare", The New York Times, 14 December

2006
Martin Gayford, "Why Don’t You Etch?", Apollo, January
Martin Gayford, '"Freud's Animals", Apollo, 1 November 

2005
Martin Gayford,  "It’s Me Looking at Him Looking at Me"Apollo, August
'"Face to Face with Freud"The Sunday Times, 22 May 

2004
"Rosie Millard: Portrait of the Forgotten Children"The Sunday Times, 11 April 
Martin Gayford, "Freud Laid Bare", The Daily Telegraph, 13 March 
Martin Gayford, "Captured by Lucian Freud",The Daily Telegraph, 2 August 
Martin Gayford, "Face Off: Seeing through the Eyes of Lucian Freud", Modern Painters, Autumn  

2002
William Feaver, "Seeing through the Skin", The Guardian, 18 May

2000

Sebastian Smee, "Master of Reinvention", The Sydney Morning Herald, 15 July
Martin Gayford,‘A Physical Truth: What Lucian Freud Sees in Chardin’, Modern Painters, Summer
Michael Kimmelman, ‘Unwavering Scrutiny of the Being within the Skin’, The New York Times, 14 April

1999
Richard Cork, "The Family Way", The Times Magazine, 27 March
Nathan Kernan,"Flesh and Ink: The Etching of Lucian Freud", Art on Paper, May-June

1998
William Feaver, "Pin-up", The Observer Life, 17 May
Leigh Bowery, "On Lucian Freud 1993", Leigh Bowery, Violette Editions, December
Bruce Bernard, "Lucian Freud: Large Interior W11 (after Watteau)", Sotheby’s auction catalogue, 14 May
Bruce Bernard, "Brush with a Friend", The Independent on Sunday, 31 May
John Spurling,"Portrait of the artist as a happy man", The Independent, 13 December
Tim Hilton, "Grand Master Flash", The Independent on Sunday, 31 May

1997
Jeffrey Hogrefe, "Lucian Freud Bio Killed Amid Much Heavy Breathing", The New York Observer, 14 December

1996
William Feaver, "The Naked Eye",The Observer Life, 23 June

1995
Richard Cork, "The Full Picture", The Times Magazine, 17 June
Michael Kimmelman, "Through the Eyes of Lucian Freud", The New York Times, 17 December
Marc Le Bot, "Francis Bacon/Lucian Freud, Violences jumelles", Cimaise, June-August
Michael Peppiatt, ‘A School or not a School’, Modern Painters, Summer

1994
Marc Balakjian, "25 Years of Studio Prints", Printmaking Today, Summer Volume
Gerrit Henry, "Lucian Freud: Un cri de spleen", Print Collector’s Newsletter, April
Linda Nochlin, "Frayed Freud", Artforum, March

1993
William Feaver, "Body language", The Observer Magazine, August
Bruce Bernard, "The Fugitive Subject", The Independent on Sunday, 5 September
William Feaver, "Inside Freud’s Mind", Artnews, September
Martin Gayford, "The Duke, His Wife and the Male Stripper", Modern Painters, Autumn
Anne de Charmant, "Lucian Freud ou la vérité nue", Museart, Autumn Edition
John Richardson, "Paint Becomes Flesh", The New Yorker, 13 December
Robert Hughes, ‘The Fat Lady Sings’, Time, 27 December
Michael Kimmelman, "Lucian Freud: The Self Exposed", The New York Times, 17 December

1992
William Feaver, "The Artist out of His Cage", The Observer: Review, December
Craig Hartley, "Freud and Auerbach: Recent Work", Print Quarterly, March

1991
Richard Cork, "Le portrait moderne en Grande-Bretagne: innovation et tradition", Art Studio, Summer

1989
John Russell, "A Wild Card Who Is Not For Puny Nature", The New York Times, 28 May

1988
Laurence Debecque, "Lucian Freud au Centre Pompidou", Opus International, January-February
Robert Storr, "In the Flesh: Lucian Freud", Art in America, May
Michel Gibson,"Sous le regard de Freud", Beaux-Arts, January

1987
William Feaver, "Artist’s Dialogue: Lucian Freud", Architectural Digest, July
Jean Clair, "Restoring the Paint-Flesh Ritual", Art International, Autumn Edition
Timothy Hyman, "Mapping London’s Other Landscape", Art International, Autumn
Sandra Miller, "People by Lucian Freud", Artforum, October
Jean Clair, "De l’École de Paris à l’École de Londres", Connaissance des Arts, December
Arikha Avigdor, "An Offshore Glance at British Painting", Art international, Autumn Edition
Frank Auerbach (Interviewed by Michael Peppiatt), "Going Against the Grain", Art International, Autumn
Francis Bacon (interviewed by Michael Peppiatt), "Reality Conveyed by a Lie", Art International, Autumn
John Russell, "A Painter’s Insights into Body and Soul", The New York Times, 27 September
R.B Kitaj (interviewed by Michael Peppiatt), "A Diaspora in London", Art International, Autumn
Michael Peppiatt,"Could There Be a School of London?", Art International, Autumn
Thomas West, "The School of Experience", Art International, Autumn

1986
Matthew Marks, "The Graphic Work of Lucian Freud", Print Quarterly, December
Roger Bevan, "Freud’s Last Etchings", Print Quarterly, December Volume

1984
Michael Peppiatt, "Lucian Freud à l’intérieur d’une oeuvre", Connaissance des arts, March

1983
Michael Peppiatt, "Lucian Freud", Art International, January-March

1978
Lawrence Gowing, "Mother, by Lucian Freud" , The Sunday Times Magazine, 12 February

1974
William Feaver, "Lucian Freud: The Analytical Eye" , The Sunday Times Magazine, February

1971
John Russell, "Lucian Freud – Clairvoyeur", Art in America, January-February

1948
David Sylvester, "Les problèmes du peintre: Paris-London 1947’, L’Âge noveau

 

FILM AND RADIO BROADCASTS

2010
Small Gestures in Bare Rooms, film by Tim Meara, Produced on the occasion of the exhibition ‘Lucian Freud, L’Atelier’, Portland Green Production Company

2009
Inside Job, film by David Dawson, Based on conversations between Lucian Freud, John Richardson and David Dawson, Illuminations

2007
Lucian Freud, ‘Grand Art’, scripted and directed by Hector Obalk, ARTE France

2004
Lucian Freud: Portraits, film by Jake Auerbach, Jake Auerbach Films Ltd

1991
Third Ear, conversation between Lucian Freud and William Feaver, BBC Radio 3

1988   
Listen to Lucian Freud, conversation with William Feaver on the occasion of the exhibition of Freud’s works at the Hayward Gallery in 1974, BBC Radio 4


SELECT PUBLIC COLLECTIONS

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, US
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, US
Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide, AU
National Gallery of Canada, Ontario, CA
Museo Botero, Bogota, CO
Tate Britain, London, UK
National Portrait Gallery, London, UK
Museum of Modern Art, New York, US
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, US

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